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Beta vulgaris - For Plant Information, Cultivation and Seed
Specs, see PLANT INFORMATION AND
Bull's Blood (35-55 days) Dark purple leaves are very pretty and make an interesting ornamental, but the roots are an excellent beet - very sweet with a dark red color.
|#524 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-524 Bulk seed 4oz. $10.50||
|#B1-524 Bulk seed 1 lb. $28.50||
Chioggia (Bulls-eye) (55 days) This pretty Italian heirloom has alternating red and white rings. Round roots are sweet and mild, never tough. Leaves are also as cooked greens.
|#209 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-209 Bulk seed 4oz. $10.50||
|#B1-209 Bulk seed 1 lb. $28.50||
Crosby Egyptian (50-60 days) The "Old Reliable" of beets was introduced in 1869 by Boston resident Josiah Crosby. Large 3-4in. dark red beets and tall leaves. Stores well.
|#210 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-210 Bulk seed 4oz. $9.50||
|#B1-210 Bulk seed 1 lb. $25.00||
Cylindra (60days) Long dark red beets with dark green tops. Good canning type.
|#3960 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-3960 Bulk seed 4oz. $7.50||
|#B1-3960 Bulk seed 1 lb. $15.00||
Detroit Dark Red (60-70 days) First sold in 1892, this variety has deep red flesh that remains sweet after cooking. Excellent keeper.
|#522 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-522 Bulk seed 4oz. $7.50||
|#B1-522 Bulk seed 1 lb. $13.50||
|#B1z-522G Dried root powder 1oz. $18.00||
|#B1lb-522G Dried root powder 1lb $25.00||
Early Winder Tall (55 days) Slightly flattened red globes have a bunching habit. Height: 15-18inches
|#9889 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-9889 Bulk seed 4oz. (Approximately 6,000 seeds) $7.50||
|#B1-9889 Bulk seed 1 lb. $16.50||
Golden Globe (35-55 days) Bright golden round roots do not bleed and have a mild flavor.
|#9880 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-9880 Bulk seed 4oz. (Approximately 6,000 seeds) $28.50||
|#B1-9880 Bulk seed 1 lb. $68.50||
Mangel Wurzel (110 days) These long red productive beets were valued as winter feed for farm animals, but they're an excellent food for people, too. Roots can weigh up to 20 pounds each and have a deep red skin and white flesh that contains a high sugar content.
|#211 Packet, $3.50, Approximately 100 seeds||
Sugar Beet (100 days) Huge 5lb red roots, up to 1ft. in length. High sucrose content used in commercial sugar production. The pulp is frequently used in animal fodder. Syrup made from grinding and pressing the roots is used in Germany in the same manner as honey in cooking - as a spread on bread, in making and sweetening sauces and desserts. Desugared molasses is used in the US is used with salt or alone to spread on roads for de-icing (it reduces corrosion and lowers the freezing temperature of the salt mix). Sugar beets are also beneficial as a cover crop. For best production, soil should be rich and loamy with the ability to retain moisture, worked deeply when first planted. Beets are heavy feeders and benefit from applications of fertilizer or manure during their growth cycle.
|#9901 Packet, $10.50 Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-9901 Bulk seed 4oz. (Approximately 6,000 seeds) $18.50||
|#B1-9901 Bulk seed 1 lb. $40.50||
White Albino (50 days) Gourmet white round roots. Very sweet with a high sucrose content.
|#9902 Packet, $6.50, Approximately 200 seeds||
|#B4z-9902 Bulk seed 4oz. (Approximately 6,000 seeds) $27.50||
|#B1-9902 Bulk seed 1 lb. $60.50||
PLANT INFORMATION AND
Beta vulgaris, or Beet is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant belonging to the Amaranth family Amaranthaceae. The modern garden beet's ancestor is Beta vulgaris ver. martima found growing wild in the maritime areas of southern Europe. There are several different types of beets, including mangel wurzels (grown for animal fodder), sugar beets (grown for their high sugar content), and beetroot (common garden beets). A cultivar of beets is chard (or spinach chard). Plants are commly grown in the vegetable garden with all parts being edible. Roots are eaten raw, cooked or pickled and the leaves are used as salad or cooked greens. The roots vary in color and can range from white to deep red. At maturity, the plants bloom bearing spiky inflorescences is groups of one to three. Blooms are red.
Beets prefer a light or loamy soil with a pH of 6.0. Cool
temperatures are best, so they are best planted in early spring or
fall gardens. Weather fluctuations will cause zoning or
striping of red varieties.
Beets provide 44 calories per 100gram serving, 3.2% protein and
8.1% carbohydrate. They also contain Vitamin A, Vitamin B1
and B2, and Niacin.
Beets have been used medicinally to treat fever,
constipation,anemia, and as a breath freshener. Red beet
root juice is recommended by herbalists as a cancer treatment.
White rooted varieties contain betaine, a substance that
has been observed to promoted regeneration of liver cells and the
metabolism of fat cells. Red rooted varieties contain betanin,
an anthocyanin found also in red wine that enhances the
immune system. A decoction from beet seed is used as a
treatment for intestinal, leukemia and other forms of
cancer. Beet juice mixed with vinegar is used to treat
dandruff and hair loss.
A dye is obtained from the roots of red varieties. The sugar
beets are used to produce table sugar.
Propagation is easy from seed for transplants or
direct. FOR TRANSPLANTS: Sow seed in
pots or trays 5-6 weeks before transplanting to the garden.
Sow seed 1/2 inch deep. Keep moist at 75-80F.
Transplant outdoors when all danger of heavy frost has
passed. Space seedlings 3-6 inches apart in rows 12-18
inches apart. DIRECT SOW: Sow seeds in
prepared area, 15 seeds per foot in rows 12-18 inches apart.
It is not necessary to thin seedlings. Make sowings every 2
weeks for baby beets.
HARVEST and STORAGE:
Lift roots, wash and cool. Store bunches in a cool place for
up to 10 days at 35F 95% relative hunidity. For winter
storage, plant beet seed about 10 weeks prior to the first heavy
freeze. Cut tops and wash, then store at 35F and 95%
humidity for up to 6 months.
SEED SPECS: Average 35000 seeds per pound; SEEDING RATE: 1,000 seeds per 65ft., 436,000 seeds per acre at 15 seeds/ft and 18 inches between rows
There is great diversity in the beet varieties that we offer; which makes the general information provided only valuable as adjustable guidelines. This may also affect your seed planting and propagation strategies and the germination rates under your planting conditions may vary from the seed lot test results. The following soil temperature data is for beets in general. Temperatures are average daytime from planting to emergence. Percentage is average germination rate. Days is number of days to emergence.
32ºF x 0% x 0 days; 41ºF x 53% x 42 days; 50ºF x 72% x 17 days; 59ºF x 88% x 10 days; 68ºF x 90% x 6 days; 77ºF x 97% x 5 days; 86ºF x 89% x 5 days; 95ºF x 35% x 5 days; 104ºF x 0% x 0 days;
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