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Brassica oleracea; For growing
instructions and seed specs, see Cultivation
OP - Open pollinated Hybrid - Hybrid type
Copenhagen Market (63-100 days) OP - Introduced in 1909. Compact plants bear 3-4 pound heads that resist cracking.
|#526 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-526 Bulk Seed 1 oz. $8.50||
|#B4z-526 Bulk Seed 4 oz. $10.50||
|#B1-526 Bulk Seed 1 lb. $22.00||
|#P-526A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50||
|#P6-526 Six Plants- moist root shipping pack; $11.50||
Danish Ballhead (100 days) OP - Blue green 7-8 inch round heads with a short stem.
|#9773 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-9773 Bulk Seed 1 oz. $8.50||
|#B4z-9773 Bulk Seed 4oz $12.50||
|#B1-9773 Bulk seed 1lb; $21.50||
Early Jersey Wakefield (60-75 days) - OP - 2-4 lb heads; Compact size and conical heads make this heirloom a great space-saving variety for smaller gardens. Introduced from the Isle of Jersey in the mid-1800ft.s, it was perfected by Peter Henderson, a truck gardener from New Jersey who bred its current properties. Matures in 70-80 days from seed and is resistant to yellows disease.
|#218 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-218 Bulk Seed 1 oz. $8.50||
|#B4z-218 Bulk Seed 4 oz. $10.50||
|#B1-218 Bulk Seed 1 lb. $22.00||
|#P-218A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50||
Golden Acre (67 days) - OP - 6-7 inch round firm heads weigh in at around 3lbs.
|#4562 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-4562 Bulk Seed 1 oz. $8.50||
|#B4z-4562 Bulk Seed 4 lb. $12.50||
|#B1-4562 Bulk seed 1lb; $25.50||
Greenboy (80 days) - Hybrid - Mid season 3lb green heads with solid white interior. Very tolerant of wet and dry conditions that produce stress on other varieties. Resistant FY. Good shipper.
|#9914 Packet $5.50, Approximately 100 seeds||
|#Bm-9914 Bulk Seed 1000 count $10.50||
Late Flat Dutch (100 days) - OP - Huge 10-17lb firm heads resist cracking; This heirloom variety was a favorite with the early Dutch settlers.
|#219 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-219 Bulk Seed 1 oz. $8.50||
|#B4z-219 Bulk Seed 4 oz. $10.50||
|#B1-219 Bulk Seed 1 lb. $22.00||
|#P-219A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50||
Mammoth Red Rock (90 Days) OP - Heirloom variety with 6lb slightly flattened, purple-red heads. Dependable producer.
|#1091 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-1091 Bulk Seed 1 oz. $8.50||
|#B4z-1091 Bulk Seed 4 oz. $10.50||
|#B1-1091 Bulk Seed 1 lb. $22.00||
|#P-1091A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50||
OS Cross (80 days) - Hybrid - F1 Hybrid All-American winner. Large uniform heads weighing 10 lbs or more. Good vigorous producer.
|#824 Packet $7.50, Approximately 100 seeds||
|#Bm-824 Bulk seed $12.50, 1000 seeds||
Red Acre (80 days) - OP - Pretty 3 lb red heads are firm and solid. One of the most popular of the red cabbages.
|#5663 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B1z-4563 Bulk Seed $8.50||
|#B4z-4563 Bulk Seed $12.50||
|#B1-4563 Bulk Seed 1lb $25.50||
Stonehead (78 days) - Hybrid - 5-6lb heads are firm, blue green. Favorite variety of growers - produces very well, stores and ships well.
|#1243 Packet $5.50, Approximately 100 seeds||
|#Bm-1243 Bulk Seed 1000 count $12.50||
|#9915 Packet $10.50, Approximately 100 seeds||
|#Bm-9915 Bulk Seed 1000 count $18.50||
Blues (57 days) - Hybrid - Napa type cabbage with crisp green 4-5 lb heads. Disease resistant and slow to bolt.
|#3463 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#Bm-3463 Bulk Seed 1000 count $4.95||
|#B10m-3463 Bulk Seed 10,000 count $26.99||
|#217 Packet $3.50 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B4z-217 Bulk Seed 4 oz. $6.50||
|#B1-217 Bulk Seed 1 lb. $14.80||
|#P-217A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50||
Joi Choi (45 days) - Hybrid - A faster-growing and larger type than Pak Choi, it has dark green leaves up to 11 inches long. Mild flavor.
|#686 Packet $3.50 Approximately 50 seeds||
Pak Choi (50 days) -OP -Non-heading leaf type with clusters of 12 inch wide celery-like stalks. Hardy in cool weather, grows fast and stands well.
|#649 Packet $3.50 Approximately 60 seeds||
Cabbage is one of the oldest recorded vegetables used and one of the easiest vegetables to grow. A member of the Mustard family, Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae), it is related to mustard, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, brussel sprouts and kohlrabi. Cabbages vary in shape from round to elongated to flat. The leaves may be dark or light green, red or purple. Cabbage is divided into threee group: early, mid season and late cabbage.
Cabbage grow best in cool climates and will grow in any well
drained soil rich in humus. A light sandy soil that warms up
quickly in the spring is best for early crops. Early season
varieties are not best suited to storing, so use them for spring
and early summer crops. Stick with mid and late season types for
Cabbage is propagated by sowing seed. The seeds may be
direct sowed or seedlings can be grown for transplants. For
transplants, sow seed in pots or trays using a fine sterile medium
(1 part sand to 2 parts sphagnum peat works very well). Sow
seed and cover to a depth of 1/4 inch. Keep moist at about
75F until seedlings emerge, then lower the temperaure to about 70F
daytime and 55 night time. When seedlings show their
first true leaves, transplant to flats or cold frames about 2-3
inches apart each way. When the weather has settled in the
spring and nighttime temperatures stay above 55F, they may be
planted outdoors. Plant 18-24 inches apart in rows 24-36
inches apart (The larger the mature head, the further apart
the plants should be.) Set the plants out and 'puddle'
(fill the planting hole with water) or water thoroughly after
planting. Cultivate regularly to keep weeds down and make
certain to water the plants during dry spells to prevent cracking
of the heads. A dressing of humus or leaf mold is
beneficial (or an application of a 5-10-5 fertilize, at a rate of
25lbs to 1000sq ft.)
To sow directly into the garden in full sun, wait until the
spring weather has settled and danger of a severe freeze has
passed. (see temperature graph below.) Work the soil so that it is fine. Working in
humus, peat moss or leaf mold will give the plants a boost.
Sow 1 seed every 6 inches in shallow drills in rows 24-36 inches
apart. Cover lightly to a depth of 1/4 inch. Keep the
seeds moist until they sprout, then thin seedlings to 18-24 inches
apart. Water, cultivate and fertilize as above.
HARVEST : Cut the heads when mature. Late varieties
can be left in the garden until late fall, but should be harvested
before a heavy freeze. Choose only firm heads and remove any
injured leaves before storing. The heads can be wrapped in
wax paper separately, hung by their stems or stored on shelves at
about 32F at 95% humidity.
The humble cabbage is an amazingly beneficial food. A rich
source of vitamins B6, C and K. It is also a source of beneficial
phytochemicals that may protect against stomach ulcer and colon
Medicinally, cabbage has been used to treat constipation, an
antidote for mushroom poisoning, and to treat hangovers. An
eye wash has been made from
SEED SPECS: Average 7000 seeds per ounce
SEEDING RATE: 100 seeds per 50ft row; 79,000 to 112,000 seeds per acre st 2-3 seeds per foot with rows 36 inches apart (depends on cultivar size)
There is great diversity in the cabbage varieties that we offer; which makes the general information provided only valuable as adjustable guidelines. This may also affect your seed planting and propagation strategies and the germination rates under your planting conditions may vary from the seed lot test results. The following soil temperature data is for cabbages in general. Temperatures are average daytime from planting to emergence. Percentage is average germination rate. Days is number of days to emergence.
32ºF x 0% x 0 days; 41ºF x 27% x 27 days; 50ºF x 78% x 15 days; 59ºF x 93% x 9 days; 68ºF x 99% x 6 days; 77ºF x 99% x 5 days; 86ºF x 89% x 4 days; 95ºF x 0% x 0 days;
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