ONION
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ONION

Onions can be started from seed or plants in fertile, well drained soil, the best being a humus rich sandy loam.  There are three basic types of onions:  Long Day, Short Day and Intermediate.  Onions begin with growth concentrated on roots and leaves, then begin to form bulbs when daylight hours reach a particular length.  Any onion type can be grown in any climate, but you may get better results when producing for bulbs or green onions,  and with various season planting stratgies,  when you select the variety that was developed for that purpose.  If you try a long day type in the deep south in the US, it will form tops, but very small bulbs and will be exposed to too much heat, killing the tops before the bulb can form.  A short day type planted in the north will try to produce bulbs before the leaves have properly formed, limiting the size of the bulb because it hasn't enough food to supply it.  Long Day varieties do best in northern areas that have more hours of daylight in the summer (14-16 hours).  Long day onions are excellent keeping varieties.  Intermediate onions are the most widely adapted, being best for the middle latitudes (12-14 hours of sunlight per day).  They can be used in northern regions and in the south where daylight hours reach 10-12 hours per day.  Short Day types are best suited for southern climates, when day length reaches 12-14 hours of sunlight, and are generally planted in the winter or early spring.  These types usually do not store well.

The size of the onion can be foretold by the number of leaves on the plant at maturity - the rule is: 1 leaf per ring on the bulb.

Rich's Onion Plants
One bunch of Rich's onion plants contain approximately 30-75 plants per bunch (unless specified otherwise) and will plant a row 20ft. long.  Onion sets are sold by weight.  Shipping dates for onions are:
Short Day types:   Nov 1 - April 18
Intermediate types:  Dec. 1 - May
Long Day types:  Jan. 3 - May

>>>>>     ORDER EARLY!  Please note that we will substitute like varieties for any that are out of stock unless otherwise requested.  <<<<<



Ailsa Craig Onion  Ailsa Craig (100 days)  - Long Day - Introduced in 1887, this variety from England is named after an island off the coast.  Large onion with yellow/brown skin and white flesh, round and solid (average weight is 2 pounds).  A good keeper.
#0056832  Seed Packet  $2.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#0056832  Large Seed Packet  $15.50  Approx. 2000 seeds
#P60-0056832  Plants  1 bunch    $6.95
#P120-0056832  Plants   2 bunches    $9.95
#P900-0056832  Plants  15 bunches    $50.95
#PC-0056832  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $70.95


Big Daddy Onion  Big Daddy (110 days)  Hybrid - Long Day - This monster variety is a good storing sweet onion (8-10 months).  Yellow.
#P60-4236  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-4236  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-4236  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95


Borettana Cipolini Onion  Cipollini (Borettana Cippolini)  110 days - Long Day - OP - ALso called a summer mini onion, this variety makes very nice little sweet onions for pretty braids as well as excellent eating.  Great for skewering or for pickling.  Plant them a bit further apart for large onions.   Stores for about 5 months.
#4237  Seed Packet    $3.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#P60-4237  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-4237  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-4237  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95


Contessa Onion  Contessa - 100 days - Hybrid - Short Day - A white version of  Texas 1015 Super Sweet that was developed by Texas A & M University and sometimes called 1015W.  Stores for about 2 months.
#4239  Seed Packet $4.50 Approx. 100 seeds    
#LG4239  Large Packet approximately 2000 seeds $50.95    
#P60-4239  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-4239  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-4239  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95



  Early Yellow Globe (105 days)  - Intermediate Day - .  Large yellow onion, round and solid.
#5428  Seed Packet  $2.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#Bz-5428  Seeds  1 oz.    $19.99
#B4z-5428  Seeds  4 oz.    $50.12
#B1-5428  Seeds  1 lb.    $97.90
#P60-5428  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-5428  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-5428  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95



Yellow Ebeneezer - Mature onions measure 2-3in. in diameter; hot keeper onion.
#B1-280H  Bulbs  1 lb. Sets   $4.99
#280  Seed Packet   approximately 100 seeds   $2.50
#Bz-280  Seeds   1 oz.   $12.99



White Ebeneezer - Mature onions measure 2-3in. in diameter; hot keeper onion.
#B1-281H  Bulbs  1 lb.    $4.99
#281  Seed Packet   approximately 100 seeds   $2.50
#Bz-281  Seeds   1 oz.   $12.99



Egyptian Walking Onion (250 days)  Plant these interesting top-setting onions in the fall for harvest the next summer.  Small topsets are red.  Mild flavor. Fall shipping only
#P10-683H  Bulbs  10 sets    $26.00



He Shi Ko (70 days)  Strong non-bulbing scallion with long white stalk.
#0345232  Seed Packet  $3.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#B4z-0345232     Bulk seed 4oz  $23.00
#B1-0345232     Bulk seed  1 lb  $54.47



Nebuka (65 days)  Early scallion with a mild flavor and long tops.
#0345334  Seed Packet  $4.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#B4z-0345334    Bulk seed 4oz  $27.50
#B1-0345334    Bulk seed  1 lb  $59.47


Pinot Rouge Red Grano onion   Pinot Rouge (140 days)  - Short day -   Red GranoLong storing.
#0579538  Seed Packet  $2.50  Approx. 100 seeds



Red Bull (114 days)  - Long day -   Large dark red bulb with color throughout the rings. Long storing.
#0542534  Seed Packet  $3.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#LG0542534   Large Packet Seeds approximately 1000 seeds   $16.50


Red Torpedo Onion  Red Torpedo (105-110 days)  - OP - Intermediate or Long Day - Hot red onions are long and bottle-shaped.  Better as a southern variety.  Good keeper.
#571  Seed Packet  $4.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#P60-571  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-571  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-571  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95


Red Wethersfield Onion  Red Wethersfield (110-115 days) - Long Day - Can be traced to 1834 and the town of Wethersfield, CT.  Flattened globes are pinkish white with red circles.  Good keeping onion.
#566  Seed Packet  $4.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#P60-566  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-566  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-566  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95

Red Zeppelin onions   Red Zeppelin (110 days)  - Long Day - Deep red.  F1 hybrid.  Medium to Jumbo bulbs.  Slightly pungent.  Early maturing of the long day varieties.  Excellent for storage 6 - 8 months. 
#0579636  Seed Packet  $2.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#0579636  Large Seed Packet  $9.50  Approx. 1000 seeds
#P60-0579636  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-0579636  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-0579636  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95



  Rich Sweet White Exibition (100 days)  - Intermediate Day - .  - OP - Huge white globes. Sweet with full tasting onion flavor. Excellent for storage. Does well in any climate.
#0579735  Seed Packet  $5.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#Bz-0579735  Seeds  1 oz.    $39.99
#B4z-0579735  Seeds  4 oz.    $72.52
#B1-0579735  Seeds  1 lb.    $159.90
#P60-0579735  Plants  1 bunch    $15.95
#P600-0579735  Plants  10 bunches    $84.90
#PC-0579735  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $139.95


Rich Sweet Yellow Exibition Onion  Rich Sweet Yellow Exibition (100 days)  - Intermediate Day - .  - OP - Huge yellow onion. Very sweet. Does well in any climate.
#0595205  Seed Packet  $5.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#Bz-0595205  Seeds  1 oz.    $39.99
#B4z-0595205  Seeds  4 oz.    $72.52
#B1-0595205  Seeds  1 lb.    $159.90
#P60-0595205  Plants  1 bunch    $15.95
#P600-0595205  Plants  10 bunches    $84.90
#PC-0595205  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $139.95


Rossa di Milano Onion  Rossa di Milano (110-120 days)  Intermediate -  Medium hot red onion from Italy.  Tolerates cool climates.  Good keeper.
#567  Packet  $6.50  Approximately 100 seeds


Southern Belle Red Onion  Southern Belle Red  - 110 days - OP - Short Day - Deep red coloring and great keeping make this variety a must in short day areas and for early planting in southern regions.  Sweet.  Stores about 2 months.
#4238   Packet   $6.50   Aproximately 100 seeds
#P60-4238  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-4238  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-4238  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95



Yellow Sweet Spanish (120 days)  - Long Day -  A variety with firm, large, sweet bulbs.  Short-term keeper.
#0065936  Packet  $2.50  Approximately 100 seeds
#B1-0065936  Seeds   1 lb.   $50.99



White Sweet Spanish (120 days)  - Long Day -  A variety with firm, large, sweet bulbs.  Short-term keeper.
#0542638  Packet  $2.50  Approximately 100 seeds
#B4z-0542638  Seeds   4 oz.   $18.99
#B1-0542638  Seeds   1 lb.   $50.99



  White Portugal (70 days)  - Intermediate Day - .  Medium sized, slightly pungent, bunching white onion. Keeps well.
#0542936  Seed Packet  $2.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#Bz-0542936  Seeds  1 oz.    $13.99
#B4z-0542936  Seeds  4 oz.    $22.99
#B1-0542936  Seeds  1 lb.    $50.17
#P60-0542936  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-0542936  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-0542936  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95


Texas Early Grano Onion  Texas Early Grano 502  (175 days) - Short Day - Sweet Vidalia type onion. Huge globe shape. Limited keeper.
#950  Seed Packet  $4.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#B1-950    Bulk seed  1 lb  $74.95
#P60-950  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-950  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-950  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95


Texas 1015Y Onion 1015  Texas 1015Y (100 days) Hybrid - Short Day -  Developed by Dr. Leonard Pike of Texas A&M University, it's name derives from the planting date in Texas (October 15).  Flattened yellow bulbs with rounded shoulders. The sweetest of the sweet varieites, but doesn't store well (about a month).  It is considered a Short Day onion, but as it takes longer for bulbs to develop, it can be used in Intermediate and Long Day areas.
#4241  Seed Packet  $4.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#B4z-0424136    Bulk seed  4 oz.   $50.95
#B1-0424136    Bulk seed  1 lb  $84.95
#P60-4241  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-4241  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-4241  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95


Walla Walla Onion  Walla Walla (90 days)  - Long Day - This sweet onion is best when sown in fall for harvest the following summer and is the sweetest of the long day types.  Yellow/brown skin with white flesh.  Can reach 5-6 inches in diameter.  Can be sown in the spring for harvest in summer also.
#0056938  Seed Packet  $4.50  Approx. 100 seeds
#B4z-0056938  Seed 4 oz.  $50.15
#B1-0056938  Seed 1 lb.  $99.72
#P60-0056938  Plants  1 bunch    $10.95
#P600-0056938  Plants  10 bunches    $59.90
#PC-0056938  Plants Full Case 30 bunches  $99.95




PLANT SAMPLERS
Onion Intermediate sampler   All samplers contain mixed varieties and are $14.95 per bunch.  This is a great way for you to try the best varieties at a low cost.

#P60-4242  Long Day Sampler  - Walla Walla, Red Wethersfield, and Ringmaster.
#P60-4243  Short Day Sampler - Texas 1015Y, White Granex and Southern Belle.
#P60-4244  Intermediate Day Sampler - Early Yellow Globe, White Portugal, Stockton Red.


Soil tempertaure for planting onion seeds
There is great diversity in the onion varieties that we offer; which makes the general information provided only valuable as adjustable guidelines. This may also affect your seed planting and propagation strategies and the germination rates under your planting conditions may vary from the seed lot test results. The following soil temperature data is for onion seeds in general (not sets or plants). Temperatures are average daytime from planting to emergence. Percentage is average germination rate. Days is number of days to emergence.
32ºF x 90% x 136 days; 41ºF x 98% x 31 days; 50ºF x 98% x 13 days; 59ºF x 98% x 7 days; 68ºF x 99% x 5 days; 77ºF x 97% x 4 days; 86ºF x 91% x 4 days; 95ºF x 73% x 13 days; 104ºF x 2% x days;

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