For planting instructions and seed specs, see Cultivation
Rich's Indiana Peanut (90-100 days) This variety
has been developed to perform well in cooler conditions. Plants
are erect with yellow blooms and large seeds. Better cool
germination leads to earlier planting and higher yields than Virginia
Jumbo. Easier cleaning shells at harvest make this a good variety for planting in richer and less sandy ground.
|#12361 2oz in shell (Approximately 45
seeds) Packet $2.50
seed 1lb in shell $11.99
Virginia Jumbo (110-120 days) This member of the pea
for its commercial importance. Best grown in warm climates,
as they need heat to do really well.
2-3 seeds in each pod. Great buttery taste when roasted.
|#667 Packet $2.50
Approximately 2 oz. in shell
seed 1lb in shell $10.99
Arachis hypogea is a member of the pea family, Leguminosae
Peanuts are not nuts at all, but pods containing seeds. Native
America, the peanut is widely cultivated for its seeds which
used in a wide variety of ways. Peanuts were widely grown by natives of
the New World (the earliest dated use is at 7600 years ago)and were
introduced to Europe by early European
explorers. In the US, peanuts were grown as a garden crop and
hog pasture crop until the early 1900s, when they began to be
commercially. Currently, peanuts are ranked as the ninth most popular
acreage crop grown in the US and shorter season types have the
potential to become an important alternative crop in the
The plants are herbaceous tender annuals, bearing both male
and female flowers -
bright yellow resembling pea blooms. The female flowers, once
fertilized, develop small pods or pegs which bury
themselves in the
soil and complete their growth cycle by forming the fruit (peanuts).
Peanuts have from one to five seeds in a pod. Peanuts can have an erect
or trailing growth habit, depending
on variety and have long taproots with many lateral roots. The plants,
like most legumes, fix nitrogen
in the soil, improving soil fertility, making them an
excellent cover crop. Flowering
continues throughout the growing season and plants are harvested with
many blooms still on the plants. Peanuts prefer a well drained sandy
loam with only moderate amounts of organic matter mixed in. Soil should
be friable with a moderate amount of clay. Heavy clay soils
broken up with sand. Optimum pH is 6.0 to 6.5
but 5.5 to 7 is acceptable. Salty soil should be avoided. Peanut seeds
are pressed to make peanut oil for use in cooking, and roasted
to eat out of hand or to manufacture peanut butter. They are
also used to manufacture peanut flour. Industrial uses
ingredient in paint, nitroglycerin, plastics,
Extremely nutritious, raw peanuts are a rich source of
protein, carbohydrates, fat, Niacin (Vitamin
B3),Vitamin E, and many dietary minerals and
fiber per a 100 gram serving. They also contain beneficial polyphenols
is done by sowing seed directly or for transplants.
Peanuts grow taproots very quickly and will need adequate
so plant in deep pots or cell trays. If in the shell, seed should be
shelled before planting. Plant only undamaged seed with intact seed
coats. Soak seed in warm water for 12
hours prior to planting. Plant seeds 1-1-1/2 inch deep. Keep moist at
70-75F until germination. When seedlings
have two sets of leaves, transplant to prepared area outdoors. DIRECT
SOW: Prepare the area to be planted
by digging deeply (8-9 inches. Work in sand or organic matter or lime
if necessary. Choose undamaged seed
with intact seed coats. Sow seed 3 inches apart at a depth of 2 inches
in rows 3ft apart for home garden (plant up
to 4 inches deep for sandy soils). Field crop rows with proper
equipment can be as close as 24 inches apart. Cultivate shallowly to
keep weeds down begin careful not to disturb the pegs.
HARVEST: Pull plants when the pods have a veined
surface. In areas with a shorter growing
season, pull plants after the first killing frost and the leaves are
blackend and the soil is relatively dry.
Remove the peanuts from the plant and remove the soil by shaking or
washing. Pods should then be dried. Heat
sources and fans can be used, but should not be over 95F.
STORE FOR SEED: Clean and dry pods and store in the pod.
Seed stores best at 32F.
SEED SPECS: Avg. 320-650 seeds per pound.
Back to VARIETY INDEX Terms
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