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native North American tree known by the common names Pacific
Madrone, Madrona, Oregon
Laurel, and Bearberry (not to be confused
Arctostaphylos). The trees
occur naturally in areas of dry rocky
slopes and shallow soils and are drought tolerant. The trees are
attractive additions to the landscape forming vase shaped multiple
trunked specimens up to 100 feet with gnarled trunks with showy
panicles of creamy white flowers in the spring followed by orange red
berries. The bark sheds annually to exposed patches of a
terra cotta color. Growth is very slow.
Berries are high in tannins and are edible, raw or cooked, and are
used to treat stomach problems. The bark has been used to treat
colds. The fruits make excellent wildlife forage.
Arbutus should be planted in a permanent place while still small
(two years old or younger), for they dislike being moved. Any
necessary pruning should be done during the summer, after the tree
flowers, but it is best to allow the tree to form naturally.
Propagation can be accomplished by sowing seed or from layering
lower branches. Seeds should be collected in October and
sown in a sandy peat mixture and allowed to stratify naturally,
where the seedlings will emerge in spring. Artificial
stratification can be achieved by placing seeds in a plastic bag with a
handful of moist peat and kept at 50F until germination. Some
success has been reported with layering lower branches in winter or
early spring, where they are left undisturbed until the following
spring, then separated from the parent plant.
Seeds collected in the fall can be stored at room temperature for up
to two years.
The trees are hardy to -20F (-28.8C)
|#1632 Packet $32.00 Approximately 100 seeds||
|#B4z-1632 Bulk seed
$65.00 Approximately 580 seeds
|#B1-1632 Bulk seed 1
$130.00 Approximately 2350 seeds
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